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Martin J. Wyngaarden Collection



Biographical Note

Detailed Description

Biographical Material

Articles and Papers

Princeton Seminary Notes.  Berkeley Bibles

Class Material.  Manuscripts

General Material

Manuscripts, Booklets, Books




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Martin J. Wyngaarden Collection, 1910-1966 | Heritage Hall, Hekman Library

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Collection Overview

Title: Martin J. Wyngaarden Collection, 1910-1966

ID: COLL/341

Primary Creator: Wyngaarden, Martin J. (1891-1978)

Extent: 6.0 Cubic Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: Folder level description


Minister of the Christian Reformed Church and professor of Old Testament at Calvin Theological Seminary. The collection includes bound mimeographed lectures; articles; correspondence with A. C. Sonneveldt, Buenos Aires, 1910-1930; topical files; a farewell speech on sound tape, 1949; and lantern slides on South America.

Biographical Note

Martin Jacob Wyngaarden was born in Oostburg, Wisconsin, where his father was minister.  From 1898 to 1904 the family lived n Harrison, South Dakota.  In 1914, Martin graduated from John Calvin Junior College in Grand Rapids and served as principal in the Christian school in Sioux Center, Iowa.

Continuing his education, Martin Wyngaarden received an AB from the University of Washington in 1915.  Three years later he graduated from Calvin Theological Seminary.  After a year at Princeton Seminary he received his BD.  Dr. R. D. Wilson, his professor, encouraged him to continue his studies in Old Testament and Semitics.  In 1922 he received his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania with a dissertation entitled The Syriac Version of the Book of Daniel.  Another year at Yale was possible through a fellowship.

When Dr. Wyngaarden was ordained to the ministry in the Christian Reformed Church of Tracy, Iowa, in 1923, his father took part in the installation service.  In 1924, one year later, he received an appointment to the chair of Old Testament at Calvin Theological Seminary, a chair he occupied until his retirement thirty-seven years later.  In 1937-1939 he also taught in an emergency situation at Western Theological Seminary.

Professor Martin Wyngaarden was a member of many theological societies.  His theologically conservative stance was well known by members of the societies some of whom differed with him radically but remained congenial.  At Princeton, when a professor threatened to withhold a degree if he adhered to the teaching of the virgin birth, he refused to be intimidated.  In his presentation of papers he remained consistent to his biblical convictions.

In addition to his published dissertation, Dr. M. Wyngaarden also wrote "The Future of the Kingdom" and "The Glory of Christ and Other Biblical Studies."  He served as one of the translators on the staff of the Berkeley Version of the Bible and was involved in the initial work of the New International Version.  His seminary instruction involved extensive use of syllabi.

Our collection includes articles and papers, notes of his student days, mimeographed notes of seminary material, and a number of brochures and booklets used for background study.

Martin J. Wyngaarden passed away 11 August 1978.  The funeral sermon by Rev. Jacob Eppinga was on a text requested by Martin J. Wyngaarden. He was survived by this wife, Johanna (Kempers) and their 4 children.

An anecdote of a student of Professor Wyngaarden:  One class session we were all present in his classroom for the usual Hebrew class.  However, the professor did not appear.  Ten minutes passed so we left the room.  The following day he expressed surprise that we had not remained waiting from him "since his hat was on his desk!"  This was supposed to indicate that he was, indeed, in the seminary building.  At a subsequent class session all of us came to class before the professor arrived, placed headgear on our desks and departed.  The only excuse we had to offer the following day was, "Our hats or caps were on our desks."  Nothing further was said.  In due time we all graduated from the seminary.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical Material, 1910-1973],
[Series 2: Articles and Papers],
[Series 3: Princeton Seminary Notes.  Berkeley Bibles],
[Series 4: Class Material.  Manuscripts],
[Series 5: General Material],
[Series 6: Manuscripts, Booklets, Books],
[Series 7: Papers],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous],
[Series 9: Photographs],

Series 2: Articles and Papers
Box 2
Folder 1: Babylonian Account of the Flood, in Reformed Herald --- July 1925
Folder 2: Background of the Old Testament, Calvin Seminary Paper --- n.d.
Folder 3: Bavinck on general revelation, in The Banner, 11 --- 18 October 1923
Folder 4: The Bible and the Spade, articles in The Instructor --- 1 April 1928 - 30 September 1928
Folder 5: Calvinalia: Chapel talk of Rev. Snell, reviewed in The Banner --- 14 February 1925
Folder 6: Concerning the Biblical Training for our prospective ministry, in The Banner --- 14 August 1925
Folder 7: Creation Paper
Folder 8: Calvin College Chimes.  Editor, M.J. Wyngaarden --- February 1917
Folder 9: Ezekiel paper --- n.d.
Folder 10: Faith in the Word and the preparation for its ministry, in The Banner --- 29 July 1927
Folder 11: First Presbyterian Church Adult Class.  Conversion, an occasion for more mercy --- 1964
Folder 12: Gereformeede leer de incarnate, first prize in Dogmatics --- 1918
Folder 13: Des Leeren Overblijfsel en de gebroken Staf Lieflijkheid, in Reformed Herald --- October 1925
Folder 14: The Infallibility of Scripture, in The Banner --- 27 March 1936
Folder 15: Infallibility of Scripture as a Reformed Confessional Doctrine, in Calvin Forum --- February 1952
Folder 16: The Interpretation of Canticles, paper at Evangelical Theological Society --- 1955
Folder 17: The Interpretation of Canticles paper --- n.d.
Folder 18: Interpretation of Ecclesiastics paper
Folder 19: Introduction to Old Testament Textual Criticism
Folder 20: Introduction to the Pentateuch
Folder 21: Jeremiah paper
Folder 22: The Love of God in the Law of Moses, in the Reformed Herald --- September 1923
Folder 23: The Love of God as Taught in the Prophets, in Reformed Herald --- November 1925
Folder 24: Het meerder licht in de nieuwere Geref Theologie in zake de de Igeving der Heilige Schrift.  Outlined notes
Folder 25: The Missionary task of the Servant in Isaiah 42, 49, 53
Folder 26: A New Isaiah manuscript from one century before Christ, in Calvin Forum --- February 1953
Folder 27: The New Version (RSV), in Calvin Forum --- February 1953
Folder 28: Notes on Synodical Reports in De Wachter --- 19 November 1961 and 16 August 1962
Box 3
Folder 1: Old Testament concepts of the Latter Days and The Day of Jehovah
Folder 2: De Organische ingeving der Schrift, outlined material
Folder 3: The Pagan Evangelical Preparation in Biblical Light, D. Kromminga and M. Wyngaarden --- 1936-1937
Folder 4: Phenomenal language according to Dr. B. Ramm in Genesis 1 and 2 --- 1958
Paper read in 1958
Folder 5: Phenomenal language according to Dr. B. Ramm, in Bulletin of the Evangelical Theological Society --- 1959
Folder 6: Premillennial interpretations of the Kingship of Christ, paper read at Chicago Society of Biblical Research
Folder 7: Present Trends in the Biblical Studies of the Old Testament
Folder 8: De Rechtsgrand van Gods Genade aan de Ninevieten volgens Calvijn, in Reformed Herald --- January 1926
Folder 9: The Resurrection, in Religion and Culture --- Feb. 1920
Folder 10: The Revised Standard Version.  Translation Conference at Trinity Christian College --- 1965
Folder 11: The Servant in Isaiah 42
Folder 12: The Servant in Isaiah 42, in papers read at Evangelical Theological Society --- 27-28 December 1956
Folder 13: The Seventy Weeks of Daniel 9:24-7 Sermon
Folder 14: Sins with a high hand, Micah 6:8, Sermon talks
Folder 15: The Song of Solomon, an Interpretation.  Paper read at Evan. Theol. Society.  Reprint
Folder 16: Speaker at Conference of Minister, Pella, Iowa.  As reported in The Banner --- Aug. 1, 1924
Folder 17: Special Member of De Wachter on Theologische School en Calvin College --- 27 July 1927
Folder 18: The Syriac Version of the Book of Daniel.  Thesis published by Drugulin, Leipzig --- 1923
Folder 19: The Thousand Years of Revelation Twenty, in Torch and Trumpet --- Aug-Sept 1954
Folder 20: The Thousand Years of Revelation Twenty, in Torch and Trumpet --- Aug - Sept 1954
Folder 21: Torch and Trumpet issues with comments and reactions 1959, 191 --- 1962, 1964
Folder 22: The Tower of Babel and the Symbolism of Babel
Folder 23: Versions:  Comments of I Thess 1:1-10
Folder 24: Was the Ark discovered?  In The Banner --- Nov. 27, 1942
Folder 25: Welke genade is dat dan? in Reformed Herald --- April 1926
Folder 26: Word Studies concerning the Virgin Birth.  Paper

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical Material, 1910-1973],
[Series 2: Articles and Papers],
[Series 3: Princeton Seminary Notes.  Berkeley Bibles],
[Series 4: Class Material.  Manuscripts],
[Series 5: General Material],
[Series 6: Manuscripts, Booklets, Books],
[Series 7: Papers],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous],
[Series 9: Photographs],

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