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Martin J. Wyngaarden Collection



Biographical Note

Detailed Description

Biographical Material

Articles and Papers

Princeton Seminary Notes.  Berkeley Bibles

Class Material.  Manuscripts

General Material

Manuscripts, Booklets, Books




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Martin J. Wyngaarden Collection, 1910-1966 | Heritage Hall, Hekman Library

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Collection Overview

Title: Martin J. Wyngaarden Collection, 1910-1966

ID: COLL/341

Primary Creator: Wyngaarden, Martin J. (1891-1978)

Extent: 6.0 Cubic Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: Folder level description


Minister of the Christian Reformed Church and professor of Old Testament at Calvin Theological Seminary. The collection includes bound mimeographed lectures; articles; correspondence with A. C. Sonneveldt, Buenos Aires, 1910-1930; topical files; a farewell speech on sound tape, 1949; and lantern slides on South America.

Biographical Note

Martin Jacob Wyngaarden was born in Oostburg, Wisconsin, where his father was minister.  From 1898 to 1904 the family lived n Harrison, South Dakota.  In 1914, Martin graduated from John Calvin Junior College in Grand Rapids and served as principal in the Christian school in Sioux Center, Iowa.

Continuing his education, Martin Wyngaarden received an AB from the University of Washington in 1915.  Three years later he graduated from Calvin Theological Seminary.  After a year at Princeton Seminary he received his BD.  Dr. R. D. Wilson, his professor, encouraged him to continue his studies in Old Testament and Semitics.  In 1922 he received his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania with a dissertation entitled The Syriac Version of the Book of Daniel.  Another year at Yale was possible through a fellowship.

When Dr. Wyngaarden was ordained to the ministry in the Christian Reformed Church of Tracy, Iowa, in 1923, his father took part in the installation service.  In 1924, one year later, he received an appointment to the chair of Old Testament at Calvin Theological Seminary, a chair he occupied until his retirement thirty-seven years later.  In 1937-1939 he also taught in an emergency situation at Western Theological Seminary.

Professor Martin Wyngaarden was a member of many theological societies.  His theologically conservative stance was well known by members of the societies some of whom differed with him radically but remained congenial.  At Princeton, when a professor threatened to withhold a degree if he adhered to the teaching of the virgin birth, he refused to be intimidated.  In his presentation of papers he remained consistent to his biblical convictions.

In addition to his published dissertation, Dr. M. Wyngaarden also wrote "The Future of the Kingdom" and "The Glory of Christ and Other Biblical Studies."  He served as one of the translators on the staff of the Berkeley Version of the Bible and was involved in the initial work of the New International Version.  His seminary instruction involved extensive use of syllabi.

Our collection includes articles and papers, notes of his student days, mimeographed notes of seminary material, and a number of brochures and booklets used for background study.

Martin J. Wyngaarden passed away 11 August 1978.  The funeral sermon by Rev. Jacob Eppinga was on a text requested by Martin J. Wyngaarden. He was survived by this wife, Johanna (Kempers) and their 4 children.

An anecdote of a student of Professor Wyngaarden:  One class session we were all present in his classroom for the usual Hebrew class.  However, the professor did not appear.  Ten minutes passed so we left the room.  The following day he expressed surprise that we had not remained waiting from him "since his hat was on his desk!"  This was supposed to indicate that he was, indeed, in the seminary building.  At a subsequent class session all of us came to class before the professor arrived, placed headgear on our desks and departed.  The only excuse we had to offer the following day was, "Our hats or caps were on our desks."  Nothing further was said.  In due time we all graduated from the seminary.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical Material, 1910-1973],
[Series 2: Articles and Papers],
[Series 3: Princeton Seminary Notes.  Berkeley Bibles],
[Series 4: Class Material.  Manuscripts],
[Series 5: General Material],
[Series 6: Manuscripts, Booklets, Books],
[Series 7: Papers],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous],
[Series 9: Photographs],

Series 7: Papers
Box 10
Folder 1: Social Science Papers
Folder 2: Social Science Papers
Folder 3: Social Science Papers
Folder 4: Didereks, Herman "A Jewish Ghetto in Amsterdam around 1800"
Folder 5: Social Science Papers
Folder 6: Mostov, Stephen G. "Jewish Component in Mid-19th Century Cities: Cincinnati, 1840-75"
Folder 7: Social Science Papers
Folder 8: Chammas, Carole "Consumer Demand in Colonial America"
Folder 9: Social Science Papers
Folder 10: "Religion, Society and Politics: A Classification"
Folder 11: Masters Thesis, Seminar Paper
Folder 12: "The Meaning of the Midwest from an Historian's Perspective" by Robert P. Swierenga
Box 11
Folder 1: Lyon, D. Secretary Reflections
Folder 2: Easley and Willington Journal Article
Folder 3: AG Hist - AHA Paper
Folder 4: Land Speculation Article
Folder 5: Correspondence
Folder 6: Correspondence
Folder 7: Fogel Paper, MSSB Conf --- 1969
Folder 8: Tax Assessment Study
Folder 9: Ethnicity and American Agriculture Article
Folder 10: Rural Life and Agriculture (author unknown)
Folder 11: Rate of Return Study

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical Material, 1910-1973],
[Series 2: Articles and Papers],
[Series 3: Princeton Seminary Notes.  Berkeley Bibles],
[Series 4: Class Material.  Manuscripts],
[Series 5: General Material],
[Series 6: Manuscripts, Booklets, Books],
[Series 7: Papers],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous],
[Series 9: Photographs],

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